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Discrimination is a part of human nature and it is everywhere in the world. As you will be new in Canada, you will feel it more. Be prepared to face it. Although most of the time you will have to ignore it but it is good to understand meanings of discrimination and your legal rights.
Meanings of discrimination:
Discrimination can be divided in two categories; direct and indirect.
Direct discrimination occurs when a person is treated less favourably than another in a comparable situation because of their racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation.
* A job advert, which says "no disabled people need apply."
* A 45 year old woman applies for a job and is told she cannot have the job because the company is looking for new employees in their 20s.
* A Bengali couple is looking for a school for their child and is told by their local school that the child cannot go to that school because there are no non-white children there.
* A man applies for a job and does not get it and is told that the company does not want gay people working there.
Indirect discrimination occurs when an apparently neutral provision, criterion or practice would disadvantage people on the grounds of racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation unless the practice can be objectively justified by a legitimate aim.
* Requiring all people who apply for a certain job to sit a test in a particular language, even though that language is not necessary for the job. The test might exclude more people who have a different mother tongue.
* A facility is "open to everyone", but it is on the third floor and there is no lift. This means that people in wheelchairs cannot use the facility.
* A company insists that people cannot leave their desks during the day apart from toilet breaks and lunch. This means that practising Muslims cannot work there since they cannot pray at the appointed times.
NOTE: Examples are not real; the purpose is only to explain the subject. Nobody will tell you the reason of discrimination.
Discrimination is against law of the land, but law is always made when the
problem is there. If you are a victim of discrimination, you can report.
In case of job if you are discriminated, you can go to labor court, IF labor law covers your job.
Some Informative Links: